RashmiMemberMay 28, 2021 at 10:41 PM
With the technological developments and advent of improved means of transport, tourism has also seen a phenomenal rise over the last five decades. While some contend that tourism industry plays an important part in boosting overall economic development, its impact however on the local population and the environment has been far from positive. I staunchly feel that tourism comes with several perils and I will discuss the major pros and cons amongst the many.
It is not disagreeable that tourism like any other industry, has been indeed playing a major role in creation of employment pan world. For instance employment is generated for guides, travel agents, coach operators etc. In addition, it brings massive revenues to the state coffers in the form of direct and indirect taxes for eg. toursim tax and indirect taxes from the hospitality and transport industry. However, these advantages are overshadowed by the negative effects it brings along.
Tourists more than often litter their surroundings with little or no concern for the environment, thereby causing huge pollution problems, a classic example of which is found on the beaches of Goa, one of the most preferred global tourist destination. The litter on the beaches has costed the state with loss of ecological balance and many species of subaqueous animals are unfortunately, now extinct.
Adding salt to the wound, the tourism not only steals away the tradition and culture of the local dwellers but also makes them vulnerable to various diseases that these enthusiastic tourists gift the locals. It may be recalled that for this very reason, the Government of India had to intervene in the matter to protect the aboriginals by shutting the tourism door for the renowned Nicobar islands. This was a welcome step towards protection of the tribes and preserving the rich cultural heritage they were practising besides saving them from numerous infections brought by the herds of tourists flocking around these innocent tribals, clicking pictures with their high resolution cameras.
From the above analysis, I can satisfactorily infer and opine that the negative impact of tourism, will continue to outweigh the positives it brings to the table, unless concerted efforts are made by the persons in power to make stringent regulations for protection of the environment and shielding the locals, along-with steps to spread awareness amongst tourists themselves, about the need of respecting the environment and the local residents.