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  • IELTS Essay Writing – 5 (Overpopulation)

    Posted by NIL Admin on June 1, 2021 at 11:24 PM

    You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

    Write about the following topic:

    Overpopulation is the world’s most serious environmental problem.
    To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?

    Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

    Write at least 250 words.

    Falak replied 3 years, 1 month ago 20 Members · 22 Replies
  • 22 Replies
  • Icintha

    June 1, 2021 at 11:31 PM

    Our Environment today is facing a lot of problems due to human interference. Its seen that it losing its beauty by ways of depletion in many aspects. One such problem which is proving a great threat to our environment is Overpopulation. I strongly agree with this as this issue cannot be overlooked by any chance.

    Humans have grown in numbers over the recent years which can be clearly seen from the demographics published in periodicals. Firstly,the main reasons for this is the growing strength in biotechnological and pharmaceuticals developments. In other words, people are now able to save more lives thereby decreasing the fatality rates. Due to this there is more encroachments on lands in need of habitations and livelihood. For example, the cities have undoubtedly endangered the soil and vegetation by occupying more and more land.

    Furthermore, this is also extending to the rural areas, as opportunities are increasing in IT and infrastructural facilities. This is adding up to the number of vehicles, cutting down of trees and and building structures contributing to loss of flora and fauna, excessive use of fossil fuels endangering species and further adding to the number of pollutants in the environment..

    Therefore, its obvious that our environment is at stake due to the ever increasing population as its wants and needs are undying. So, we should take utmost care and minimize our needs and positively contribute to the well being of our society and go long way in nurturing our mother earth.

    • Falak

      June 16, 2021 at 6:04 PM

      Feedback: “its” is a possessive form of “it” while “it’s” is contraction of “it is” (wrongly used in introduction). Stick to “subject verb agreement” ( body paragraph 1, main reason is), make use of appropriate punctuation. Vocabulary could be more impactful. variety of sentence structure should be used. Approach is good.

      Band : 2.5/6

  • E Anjali

    June 1, 2021 at 11:31 PM

    Overpopulation is one of the serious environmental problems faced by the world over a period of time. I would completely agree upon this statement. And creating public awareness about the seriousness of the problem is need of the hour.

    To begin with, one of the main reasons causing overpopulation is the lack of awareness about its effects on environment. In other words people lack the knowledge about the significance of ecological balance which in fact is crucial for the very existence of life on earth. As a consequence of over population one of the most affected sector is world’s flaura and fauna.The depletion of natural resources in turn threatens the life expectancy of wildlife. The various initiatives taken by the government to educate public regarding the issue seems to have little effect on the exponential growth in population. Clearly it is the responsibility of people to consider outpacing ability of our planet to support it.

    To sum up, the happiness of increased life expectancy and growing birthrates due to advanced technologies and health facilities is a blessing in disguise due to the fact that overpopulation is being threat to the very existence of ecological balance .The human being the most intellectual species to ever walk on earth must be aware of the responsibility of protecting their home land from the crisis of over population.

  • Sakshi

    June 1, 2021 at 11:32 PM

    Overpopulation is undoubtedly one of the world’s most serious environmental problem. I agree with this statement as the way people misuse and overexploit resources has led this to become as world’s most serious environmental problem.

    Overpopulation is seen as a serious issue as it has many negative impacts throughout the human lifespan. Population growth has undeniably had negative impacts on the environment as in depletion of the availability of natural resources as one of the concerns, it leads to shortage space, depletion in mental health and a rapid increase in crime. For instance, as observed in overpopulated underdeveloped countries, there are more demand and fewer opportunities which ultimately leads to many serious societal conflicts leading to an increase in crime and more chances of injustice to lower waged people.

    Perhaps overpopulation would not be an issue if society changes its lifestyle. Government can play a significant role by passing laws to prevent the increasing population and this issue can be uprooted simply if people can make certain changes to their daily lifestyle.

  • Shoaib

    June 1, 2021 at 11:33 PM

    The concept of overpopulation is that when the growth in countries population are extraordinary and beyond the forecast in the specific time period. I strongly believe that overpopulation is a serious environmental issue especially in emerging countries where resources to facilitate the population are limited. My observations related to my statement are mentioned below

    It has been observed that overpopulation increase inflation in different countries and ultimately creates an impact on the global economy. Generally, we have seen developing countries are suffering more due to inflation where population growth rate is very high and countries economy is facing a lot of problems. As we have seen that Per capita income in these countries is very low as compared to developed countries. The people have less resources of income and jobs in the market. Ultimately it creates hypertension among the people and increases poverty. Giving an example of countries like India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh, where so many people are living under the line of poverty and so many, left their countries for better resources of job and earning opportunities

    Also, we have seen that overpopulation creates pollution that causes so many health issues and spreads a lot of diseases. Giving an example of many Asian countries where municipality system is not performing very well, which result in poor waste management and lack of the availability of clean water to drink.

    In conclusion, overpopulation is a global issue and there should be strong initiatives and strategic plans to control the population of countries. Governments should create awareness among the people that how to control the population, especially among those people who have less resources of earning. However, Governments also should support poor people who are suffering in poverty

  • Robin

    June 1, 2021 at 11:37 PM

    Overpopulation is a serious environmental problem impacting the whole world. Even though overpopulation is a serious issue which demands immediate attention, industrial pollution and indiscriminate fossil fuel usage makes more serious damage to environment.

    When the population increases the needs for resources also increases and these resources are consumed from the environment. For example growing population needs more living space, food, drinking water and building materials which can cause a strain on environment. Furthermore overpopulation also results in more wastage and more pollution which degrades the environment. Yet the current picture of our world depicts a different story: the rapidly expanding populations of Africa and Asia do not cause much environmental damage as the industrialized economies like USA and China does. In the advanced economies, the per-capitia consumption of fossil fuels and release of industrial pollutants are also on a higher scale. Thus industrialization and indiscriminate usage of fossil fuels pose a more serious threat to environment.

    The governments across the world doesn’t seem to bother much about the seriousness of this issue other than paying lip service. Instead of pragmatic actions some governments resort to radical and shortsighted actions like what China did through “One Child Policy”. Overpopulation should be dealt with spreading awareness among the citizen and educating the masses about its aftereffects. The governments should also turn their immediate attention towards greater ecological threats like industrial pollution, deforestation etc.

    In brief, the overpopulation issue along with industrial pollution, deforestation and usage of fossil fuels has to be dealt with quickly without which saving our environment may become a mere delusion.

  • Vamsi Krishna

    June 1, 2021 at 11:37 PM

    The increasing population is the most serious problem now. even though the governments are conducting so many camps to educate the people stills it’s a challenging part. I strongly agree the overpopulation is a serious problem.

    Due to overpopulation, the first and serious problem is deforestation, which causes global warming. Earlier the human boundaries were limited, but now humans are extending their living boundaries to some extent for that they are removing forest. It’s not only limited to living homes.

    Secondly, Increasing the production of instant food the factory wastage is polluting lands and revers. because of that freshwater is not available to all and soil strength is decreasing gradually.

    Overpopulation and environmental damages are directly proportional. if we control the population we’ll give a better environment to the next generation. Govt. has to take this problem seriously and take some precautions.

    • Falak

      June 16, 2021 at 8:36 PM

      Feedback: Minimum 250 words should be there (these are only 148 words). Statement needs to be paraphrased in introduction. Avoid being repetitive in word aand ideas. Use impactful vocabulary. Answer has not been fully addressed. More detailing is required to support your main idea, examples are missing.

      Band: 1/6

  • Seema

    June 1, 2021 at 11:58 PM

    Overpopulation is one of the most pressing and indeed a growing concern that we are facing today, which has led to severe problem, environmentally and the following essay i would like to dicuss about increasing population is the world’s most serious environmental problem.

    Overpopulation does have a serious impact on the world’s environment for several reasons. Firstly overpopulation leads to overcrowding and thus demands exceeds supply.An increase in population means more pollution, caused by more cars on the road, more factories,more farming and more households chemicals. Pollution is a significant environmental issue and it can have a serious effect on human health problems, resulting in illness such as asthma, bronchitis and various respiratory problems.

    It has become necessary to stabalize the population growth. It is high time the government and individuals took responsibility to control the rate of population. For example, the introduction of family planning programs . to sum up, individuals too must take responsibility to educate themselves and those around them about the advetse effects of overpopulation.

  • Rashmi

    June 2, 2021 at 12:10 AM

    Our environment is facing several perilous concerns, with overpopulation leading the chain as most other issues which threaten the environment, are but just by-products of the exploding population. I fully agree with the contention and elaborate the same with facts and figures below.

    At the outset, it is pertinent to state that increased life spans coupled with excessive birth rate have been fuelling the growth of population across the continents more specifically in the Asian region. For instance India and Bangladesh are the highest contributors for this rise in population, however China has been able to cap it by implementing strict regulations. This constant increase, has resulted in over stress on natural resources including fossil fuels, water and the like which are now at the risk of being completely depleted and are a big environmental concern.

    Secondly, this massive overgrowth has also caused mass de-forestation, just to propel the economic needs of the ever growing societies, ranging from timber to rubber, which has in-turn triggered various environmental concerns like global warming apart from air pollution and extinction of many endangered species of wild life thereby disturbing the entire ecosystem.

    To conclude, it will not be an overstatement to say that unless global efforts are made to contain this ticking population bomb, we will be left with no air or water to survive. Government regulation to limit the size of families along-with support from social groups to educate people can undoubtedly control this menace.

  • Femmy

    June 2, 2021 at 12:47 PM

    Our Enviornment has catastrophic effects on the whole country, with overpopulation being the major concern , which is perilous for human beings. I completely agree with the argument and elaborate the same with facts below.

    Incipiently I would like to say that , exploding population has detrimental effects on the world natural resources such as fossil fuels and water which are getting depleted with every passing day . As the population increases their are more mouths to feed and limited resources to provide , which causes the aforementioned resources to deplete. The outcome of this depletion is on the one hand poor countries will become poorer as unemployment will prevail in the countries and on the other hand people will starve and would have abysmal health.

    Additionally, with the explosive growth of population, deforestation is rampant. As with the growing demands, not only industries are setup but also people are building residential houses, which requires the clearing of forests at large scale. This in-fact has serious effects on the flora and fauna, because their habitat gets disturbed with the massive cutting of trees. As per my personal experience , I have witnessed the higher authorities are cutting down the trees to build colonies at outskirts , not only because of the massive deforestation people are suffering now but also our our future generation have to suffer the consequences.

    I would like to abridge my thoughts at the end by saying that to ameliorate the exponential spike in population and to avoid all the reverberation the government should impose strict rules and regulations as well as people should make changes in their lifestyle.

  • Sri

    June 2, 2021 at 8:33 PM
  • Ankit

    June 2, 2021 at 10:44 PM

    Overpopulation is definitely a serious concern for the environment . Although increasing population has negative impact on the environment , on the same hand the unsustainable way of living life by humans now days is also causing huge damages to the environment.

    Due to overpopulation , we are rapidly exhausting our natural resources and depleting the fossil fuels . Which is resulting in climate change and global warming . An increase in population requires additional towns and cities to be built up that is the major cause of deforestation. Meeting demands for huge population big factories and adding every day generating industrial waste that is being dump in huge landfills and oceans causing serious threat to environment and aquatic life as well . Rise is carbon emissions is no hidden fact from us effecting the overall ecological balance of the planet. Disasters like Coronavirus pandemic is all around the world that is another result of increasing population density in the cities . And we may experience such more pandemics in future

    Effects of overpopulation can be minimized or bring down to limits if we take some necessary actions . These actions can start from public awareness and education about the threats of increasing population so that family planning would be consider by masses. Next we can make small changes in our lifestyle like using public transport more often due reduce traffic and pollution both.

    Inconclusion , Overpopulation is significantly worsening the environment . Corrective measures can be taken to limit its effect and tackle the issue in a sustainable way possible.

  • deepti

    June 3, 2021 at 7:46 PM


    Overpopulation is the greatest threat to the future of our planet. It is growing at an enormously fast rate. While there are many countries who are trying to educate their people about this issue, but it seems it is not enough, and strong measures are required to control it.

    There is a substantial increase every year in population specially south east Asian countries. There are many factors behind it and to name a few; poverty and illiteracy are few of them. Farmers and poor people believe that many working hands will lead to more income. Not to forget the desire to have a male child to secure their old age is another reason. Females are forced to conceive even if they have 2-3 girl child.

    Overpopulation is having serious effects on our resources. Forests are being cut, agricultural lands are being converted into residential places to accommodate the need of more houses. Many areas are affected by floods and draught. There has been an increase in demand of jobs, but vacancies are limited. Many developing countries are already living this future and the effects of overpopulation.

    Education plays a vital role. Government should place educational camps in villages for awareness. There should be some policies which can exempt couples from some tax if they have 1 or 2 child and should withdraw facilities from those who have more than 2 children. Like China, has implemented policy to not to give any benefits to those who have more than 2 kids.

    I totally acknowledge that attention on overpopulation is the need of the hour. More awareness and strict policies are the key to control this situation before it’s too late.

  • rahul

    June 5, 2021 at 12:15 PM

    There are many environmental problems in the world like pollution, deforestation and/or global warming but overpopulation is one of the major issues which cannot be ignored at all otherwise it will result in huge consequences in future.

    Even today overpopulation has negative consequences on the economy like unemployment as there is huge competition in the industry, depletion of natural resources and limited infrastructure. Because all these resources are available in limited range, and it is very difficult to fulfill the need of huge crowd. To understand this, we can see the demand and supply chart of our economy where supply of product is in restricted quantity, but the demand of the product is very high due to huge population which result in increasing the price of product which a lower-class person cannot afford. This factor will cause the increase in poverty and inflation rate in an economy.

    Now a days Government is very active to take precautionary steps to deal with this problem like One Child Policy has been implemented in the societies to control the population. Earlier this policy has been implemented in European Countries only but now this type of policy also started implemented in Asian countries. Admittedly local authorities have started giving incentives to families if they have only child at a home as it will encourage them to have single child. These types of steps taken by the establishment will help the countries to deal with the problem in a most efficient manner.

    To summarize, I must say that over population is the biggest root cause of environment problem and it is on our hand to eliminate this problem.

  • Rini

    June 5, 2021 at 4:43 PM

    The magnanimous increase in the world’s population today is posing a huge threat to our environment and it is increasing at an alarming rate. I strongly agree to the statement and believe that immediate measures need to be implemented to bring the situation under control.

    It has been observed that the requirements of people today has increased in every space where it took years for households to own a car, today every house is working hard to afford another new car.The surge in automobiles has caused fuel consumption to shoot up drastically contributing to high CO2 emission levels lingering in the air.Rapid development and urbanisation is running at a fast pace these days where people are moving out of villages and settling down in cities to avail better facilities.

    These days people are opting for a better standard of living and this forces an increased rate in the construction field where skyscrapers are continuously being being built whose foundation has to be sturdy for which earth movers are being used to excavate very deep into the ground causing all the ground water to dry up. Water being a natural resource is now being considered to be scarcely available and a few counties have officially declared water will have to be purchased from other counties.Trees known to be natural producers of oxygen are being cut down due to globalisation causing air contamination resulting in poor air quality index in most places today.Tremendous increase in deforestation is posing a threat to the soil quality and fertility that vegetation is becoming impossible.

    <font face=”inherit” style=”background-color: transparent; font-family: inherit; font-size: inherit;”>In conclusion, the negative impact due to escalated demographic </font>statistics<font face=”inherit” style=”background-color: transparent; font-family: inherit; font-size: inherit;”> is taking a toll on our </font>environment<font face=”inherit” style=”background-color: transparent; font-family: inherit; font-size: inherit;”> and it is enough time we take global measures to tackle this problem to save the </font>environment<font face=”inherit” style=”background-color: transparent; font-family: inherit; font-size: inherit;”>.</font>

  • Abhi

    June 7, 2021 at 8:39 PM

    The term overpopulation is used to describe a situation in which the world or area has a population so large that the people there are suffering as a result. In other words, the population exceeds the region or planet’s carrying capacity–the number of people, other living organisms, or crops that can be supported without environmental degradation.

    Overpopulation is largely attributed to trends stemming from a spike in birth rates in the mid-20th century. Overpopulation of specific locations can also result from migration. The relationship between overpopulation and environmental impacts is often interrelated and complex. In my opinion, I agree that there are many factors adding to the degradation. As the global population increases, more food is needed. Such measures may be met through more intensive farming, or through deforestation to create new farm lands, which in turn can have negative outcomes. For example, surveys by the World Environment Council issue repeated warnings to curb overpopulation.

    Also, while there is plenty of water on the planet, it is very much a scarce resource. Only 2.5 percent of water resources are fresh water, and just a small fraction of that is available as unpolluted drinking water. Human population growth and climate change have grown hand in hand as the use of fossil fuels has exploded to support industrialized societies. More people necessitates more demand for oil, coal, gas, and other energy sources extracted from below the Earth’s surface that spew carbon dioxide into the atmosphere when burned, trapping warm air inside like a greenhouse.

    There are issues aplenty to overcome. Clearly,
    initiatives to switch to clean energy sources such as solar, improve
    agricultural practices, better manage water resources and fully embrace the
    principles of the circular economy will help us mitigate the impact of
    population growth. At the other end of the spectrum, policies that encourage
    family planning, education, gender equity and other measures to help slow
    population growth will help reduce pressure on the planet.

    • Admin

      June 8, 2021 at 12:44 PM

      Feedback: Very well executed but information exaggerated a lot as it should be covered in max up to 280o words, also unnecessarily spelling error “necessitates ” found, no relevant example found as the one is used seems memorized & also work on word repetition “Overpopulation”.
      Band: 3/6

  • Rahila

    June 7, 2021 at 8:49 PM

    The world has been experiencing what is called a “population explosion” since the last two decades. This overbearing rise in population can be considered as the most serious environmental issue the world is facing right now. This essay will discuss why i completely agree with the statement given.

    To embark on, a constant rise in the number of people leads to a rise in their necessities as well. A very important factor which has caused a surge in the air pollution is the use of fossil fuels. Because there is a need to mobilise an increasing number of people, there is a rise in the use of petrol and diesel which not only causes harm to the environment when being used in vehicles, but also while they are being extracted from unimaginable depths. For instance, the air pollution index has always been significantly lower in rural areas when compared to their urban counterparts. Thus air pollution is a direct consequence of rising population.

    Another reason is the ever rising problem of water scarcity. Though the earth is made up of 70% of water, only 3% of it is fresh water and therefore fit for human consumption. This balance of availability and utilisation of water has become upset because of overpopulation. For example, in developing countries, 80% of rivers, which are the primary source of fresh water has dried up due to overconsumption. This leads to terrible famines every summer in many places of such countries. This constant depletion of water has created a massive environmental issue.

    To conclude, there is a trend of rising population in almost all countries. This has created lots of problems related to the environment like the air pollution and a devastating depletion in fresh water sources. Therefore, i firmly believe population rise is the source of many problems like these.

    • Admin

      June 8, 2021 at 12:49 PM

      Feedback: Very well executed & approached with good use of vocabularies, just try to cover and discuss the topic up to 280 words only. Rest is fine. keep it up.
      Band: 4.5/6

  • siddanth

    June 16, 2021 at 8:49 PM

    It is undeniable that overpopulation is a serious concern which can cause many environmental problems. Admitting the situation, I feel the way which an individual choose to live has a greater role in the crisis which environment faces than growing population

    To begin with i would like to state that increase in population directly leads to more natural resources being utilized For example, oil, natural gas and natural resources are being used up in an exponential way these days just to meet the increasing demands of a fast-growing population. Many developing countries are struggling to meet the needs of their exploding population, as evidenced by the exhaustion of these resources there.

    Overpopulation also leads to environmental pollution, as it generates an increasing amount of waste products. This happens in both domestic and industrial sectors. Improper treatment of plastic to irrational dumping of extremely toxic chemical wastes into the nature which are seen at present would worsen with the ever-increasing population. For eg: some big industries directly dump chemical toxic waste directly to the rivers which can really have serious health hazard on people who consume those water without any proper treatment and the suffer from dangerous disease

    However most important thing is attitude of person towards the consumption of natural resource and how he can act responsible <strong style=”font-family: inherit; font-size: inherit;”> by consuming fewer products and services and save the natural resources for the next generation which will reduce the intensity of this issue . <b style=”font-family: inherit; font-size: inherit;”>However, if individual becomes greedy and starts using resource without considering fellow citizens<b style=”font-family: inherit; font-size: inherit;”> and future problem then situation will deteriorate further and will make our future generation have very limited resource at there disposal .

    In summary, it is a fact that overpopulation is a key factor which causes several environmental problems. <strong style=”font-family: inherit; font-size: inherit;”>However, I feel how a person decides to live has a greater role in this crisis.<b style=”font-family: inherit; font-size: inherit;”>

    • Falak

      June 17, 2021 at 8:06 PM

      Feedback: Execution is good.Make use of punctuation marks (to begin with, however,). No shortforms(Use for instance , for example rather than for eg.). Be cautious with use of “there and their”.Synonyms for toxic : injurious, destructive, noxious, pernicious etc.). Try to make use of wide range of transition words( despite, though, regardless, inspite of- as contrasting connectors , don’t stick to “However” only).

      Band: 3/6

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